Articles


Our publications are grouped into the following topics: COVID-19, Employment, Discrimination and Violence, Gender, Mental Health, Monitoring inequalities and Policy, which includes the NDIS.

If you would like a copy of any of these publications email:
cre-dh@unimelb.edu.au



COVID-19 and Disability

  1. Dickinson H & Yates S. Navigating complexity in a global pandemic: The effects of COVID‐19 on children and young people with disability and their families in Australia. Public Administration Review. 2020 18 January https://doi.org/10.1111/puar.13352
  2. Emerson E, Stancliffe R, Hatton C, Llewellyn G, King T, Totsika V, Aitken Z & Kavanagh A. The impact of disability on employment and financial security following the outbreak of the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic in the UK. J Public Health (Oxf). 2021 Jan 12:fdaa270. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdaa270
  3. Emerson E,  Aitken Z, Krnjacki L, Vaughan C, Llewellyn G & Kavanagh A. Correspondence: Torturing inadequate data to generate ‘results’. J Public Health, 42(4), December 2020,  e575–e577. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdz161
  4. Kavanagh A, Dickinson H, Carey G, Llewellyn G, Emerson E, Disney G & Hatton C. Improving health care for disabled people in COVID-19 and beyond: Lessons from Australia and England. Disabil Health J 2020 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2020.101050
  5. Carey G, Dickinson H & Kavanagh A. Disability care systems are primed to spread COVID-19; what can we do? Rapid Review. BMJ 2020 11 June;369:m1609, https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m1609
  6. Carey G. The NDIS and COVID-19: a collision course. MJA, 2020; 213 (3): 141-141.e1, doi: 10.5694/mja2.50690
  7. Dickinson H, Carey G & Kavanagh A. Personalisation and pandemic: an unforeseen collision course? Disability & Society 2020 1 June,  10.1080/09687599.2020.1772201


Employment and Disability

  1. Emerson E & Llewellyn G. Youth with disabilities are more likely than their peers to engage in hazardous child labour. Child Care Health Dev. 2020: 1-9. 10.1111/cch.12820
  2. Devine A, Vaughan C & Kavanagh A. ‘If I had stable housing I would be a bit more receptive to having a job’. Factors influencing the effectiveness of Disability Employment Services reform. Work 2020;65(4):775-787. 10.3233/WOR-203130
  3. Devine A, Dickinson H, Brophy L, Kavanagh A & Vaughan C. ‘I don’t think they trust the choices I will make’ – Narrative analysis of choice and control for people with psychosocial disability within reform of the Australian DES program. Public Management Review 2019 July https://doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2019.1648700
  4. Milner A, King TL, LaMontagne AD, Aitken Z, Petrie D & Kavanagh A. Underemployment and its impacts on mental health among those with disabilities: evidence from the HILDA cohort. J Epidemiol Community Health 2017; 71:1198-1202. 10.1136/jech-2017-209800
  5. Milner A, Aitken Z, Byars S, Butterworth P & Kavanagh A. Do gender and psychosocial job stressors modify the relationship between disability and sickness absence: An investigation using 12 waves of a longitudinal cohort. Scand J Work Environ Health 2019: Dec. https://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=3865
  6. Milner A, Shields M, King T, Aitken Z, LaMontagne AD & Kavanagh A. Disabling working environments and mental health: A commentary. Disabil Health J. 2019: June. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2019.06.002
  7. Milner A, King T & Kavanagh A. The mental health impacts of health and human service work: Longitudinal evidence about differential exposure and susceptibility using 16 waves of cohort data. Prev Medicine 2019 June: 100826. 10.1016/j.pmedr.2019.100826
  8. Milner A, Taouk Y, Disney G, Aitken Z, Rachele J & Kavanagh A. Employment predictors of exit from work among workers with disabilities: A survival analysis from the household income labour dynamics in Australia survey. Plos One 2018: Dec. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0208334
  9. Milner A, Witt K, LaMontagne AD, Niedhammer I. Authors’ reply: ‘Response to: ‘Psychosocial job stressors and suicidality: a meta-analysis and systematic review’ by Milner et al’. Occup Environ Med. 2018 Jan 27. pii: oemed-2018-104997. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2017-104531
  10. Niedhammer I, Milner A, Witt K, Klingelschmidt  J, Khireddine-Medouni I, Alexopoulos EC, Toivanen  S, Chastang JF, LaMontagne AD (2018). Response to letter to the editor from Dr Rahman Shiri: The challenging topic of suicide across occupational groups. Scand J Work Environ Health 2018: Jan 1;44(1):108-110.  doi:10.5271/sjweh.3698
  11. Xu T & Stancliffe RJ. An evaluation of employment outcomes achieved by transition to work service providers in Sydney, Australia. J Intellectual & Developmental Disability. 2019: 44(1), 51-63. https://doi.org/10.3109/13668250.2017.1310809
  12. Zhou Q, Llewellyn G, Stancliffe R & Fortune N. Working-age people with disability and labour force participation: geographical variations in Australia. Aust J Social Issues. 2019: Sep. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajs4.75

 



Discrimination, Violence and Disability 

  1. Emerson E & Llewellyn G. The exposure of children with and without disabilities to violence parental discipline: Cross-sectional surveys in 17 middle and low income countries. Child Abuse & Neglect 2020: 4 Nov, 104773 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104773
  2. Emerson E, Milner A, Aitken Z, Vaughan C, Llewellyn G, & Kavanagh A. Exposure to discrimination and subsequent changes in self-rated health: prospective evidence from the UK’s Life Opportunities Survey.  Public Health 185 (2020) 176-181.
  3. Emerson E, Milner A, Aitken Z, Krnjacki L, Vaughan C, Llewellyn G & Kavanagh A. Overt acts of discrimination reported by British working age adults with and without disability. J Public Health. 2019 September fdz093, https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdz093
  4. Emerson E, Krnjacki L, Llewellyn G, Vaughan C & Kavanagh A. Perceptions of safety and exposure to violence in public places among working age adults with disabilities or long-term health conditions in the UK: cross sectional study. Public Health, 2016 Jun: 135: 91-6.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2015.10.036
  5. Kavanagh AM, Priest N, Emerson E, Milner A & King T. Gender, parental education and experiences of bullying victimization by Australian adolescents with and without a disability. Child: Care Health Dev. 2018 Mar; 44(2);332-341. https://doi.org/10.1111/cch.12545
  6. King T, Aitken Z, Milner A, Emerson E, Priest N, Karahalios A, Kavanagh AM & Blakely T. To what extent is the association between disability and mental health in adolescents mediated by bullying? A causal mediation analysis. Int J Epidemiol, 2018 Oct 1; 47(5):1402-1413.  https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyy154
  7. Krnjacki L, Priest N, Aitken Z, Emerson E, Llewellyn G, King T & Kavanagh A. Disability-based discrimination and health: findings from an Australian-based population study.  Aust NZ J Public Health 2018: 42:2, 172-174.  https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12735
  8. Krnjacki L, Emerson E, Llewellyn G & Kavanagh A. Prevalence and risk of violence against people with and without disabilities in Australia: findings from an Australian population-based study. Aust NZ J Public Health. 2016 Feb; 40(1):16-21. https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12498
  9. Llewellyn G, Vaughan C & Emerson E. Discrimination and the health of people with intellectual disabilities. In Hatton C & Emerson E. (eds) Health Disparities and Intellectual Disabilities. International Review of Research in Developmental Disabilities. 2015: 48; 43-72. New York: Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.irrdd.2015.03.005
  10. Rachele JN, Disney G, Milner A, Emerson E, Krnjacki L & Kavanagh A. Violence and mental health: does disability make a difference? Int J Epidemiology. 2020: 1 Jan, 31(1):e6-e7. https://doi.org/10.1097/ede.0000000000001119

Gender and Disability

  1. Arculi J, Emerson E & Llewellyn G. Self-report of school satisfaction: The interaction between disability and gender. School Psychology Quarterly 2019; 34(2), 148-158http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/spq0000275
  2. Bollier AM, King T, Austin SB, Shakespeare T, Spittal M & Kavanagh A. Does sexual orientation vary between disabled and non-disabled men? findings from a population-based study of men in Australia. Disability & Society 2019 Dec.  10.1080/09687599.2019.1689925
  3. Bollier AM, King T, Hocking J, Shakespeare T & Kavanagh A. Sexual functioning in men with and without disability: Findings from a representative sample of Australian males. J Sex Med 2019 Aug. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2019.07.021
  4. Kavanagh AM, Aitken Z, Emerson E, Sahabandu S, Milner A, Bentley R, LaMontagne A, Pirkis J & Studdert, D. Inequalities in socio-economic characteristics and health and wellbeing of men with and without disabilities: a cross-sectional analysis of the baseline wave of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Male Health. BMC Public Health 2016 Oct 31; 16 (Suppl 3):1042.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3700-y
  5. King T, Shields M, Milner A, Vaughan C, Shakespeare T, Currier D, Kavanagh A. Conformity to masculine norms: differences between men with and without a disability. Psychology of Men & Masculinities 2019: Sep 19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/men0000236


 Mental health and Disability

  1. Emerson E, Fortune N, Llewellyn G, & Stancliffe R. Loneliness, social support, social isolation and wellbeing among working age adults with and without disability: Cross sectional study. Disabil Health J, 2020:5 August 100965. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.dhjo.2020.100965
  2. Martínez-Leal R, Folch A, Munir K, Novell R, Salvador-Carulla L. Borderline Intellectual Functioning Consensus Group. The Girona declaration on borderline intellectual functioning. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020 Mar;7(3):e8. doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30001-8
  3. Devine A, Vaughan C, Kavanagh A, Dickinson H, Byars S, Dimov S, Gye B & Brophy L. “I’m proud of how far I’ve come. I’m just ready to work”: mental health recovery narratives within the context of Australia’s Disability Employment Services. BMC Public Health, 20: 325 (2020), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-8452-z
  4. Aitken Z, Simpson J, Gurrin L, Bentley R & Kavanagh AM.  Do material, psychosocial and behavioural factors mediate the relationship between disability acquisition and mental health? A sequential causal mediation analysis. Int J Epidemiol, 2018, 47: 3 829–840. https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyx277
  5. Aitken Z, Krnjacki L, Kavanagh AM, LaMontagne AM & Milner A. Does social support modify the effect of disability acquisition on mental health? A longitudinal study of Australian adults. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2017; 52 (10): 1247-11255. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-017-1418-5
  6. Aitken Z, Simpson J, Bentley R & Kavanagh AM. Disability acquisition and mental health: effect modification by demographic and socioeconomic characteristics using data from an Australian longitudinal study. BMJ Open, 2017; 7:e016953. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016953
  7. Clifton S, Llewellyn G & Shakespeare T. Quadriplegia, virtue theory and flourishing: a qualitative study drawing on self-narratives. Disability and Society, 2018, 33 (1): 20-38. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2017.1379951
  8. Aitken Z, Simpson JA, Bentley R, Milner A, LaMontagne AD & Kavanagh A. Does the effect of disability acquisition on mental health differ by employment characteristics? A longitudinal fixed-effects analysis. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2019, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-019-01783-x
  9. Emerson E, King T, Llewellyn G, Milner A, Aitken Z, Arciuli J & Kavanagh A. Emotional difficulties and self-harm among British adolescents with and without disabilities: Cross sectional study. Disabil Health J. 2019 May 11. pii: S1936-6574(19)30091-3. doi: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2019.04.007
  10. Hindmarsh G, Emerson E & Llewellyn G. Children of mothers with intellectual disabilities and their peers: Social and emotional well-being. J Intellectual Disability Research, 60(7-8), 2016; 683-683.
  11. Hindmarsh G, Llewellyn G & Emerson E. The social-emotional well-being of children of mothers with intellectual impairment: A population-based analysis. J Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2017: 30(3), 469-481. https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12306
  12. McAllister A. Mental illnesses are not an ‘ideal type’ of disability for disability income support: Perceptions of policymakers in Australia and Canada. Scand J Public Health 2019 Jan 11. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1403494818816903
  13. Milner A, Bollier AM, Emerson E & Kavanagh A. The relationship between disability and suicide: prospective evidence from the Ten to Men cohort. J Public Health (Oxf) 2018 Nov 5. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdy197
  14. Milner A, Law P, Witt K, LaMontagne AD, Mann C. A smart phone intervention to address mental health stigma in the construction industry: A two-arm randomised controlled trial. SSM-Popul Health 2017 Dec 31; 4:164-168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2017.12.007
  15. Karahalios A, Pega F, Aitken Z, Milner A, Simpson J & Kavanagh A. The cumulative effect of living with disability on mental health in working-age adults: an analysis using marginal structural models. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2019 Mar, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-019-01688-9
  16. King T, Milner A, Aitken Z, Karahalios A, Emerson E & Kavanagh A. Mental health of adolescents: variations by borderline intellectual functioning and disability. Euro Child & Adoles Psychiatry 2019: 13 Feb, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-019-01278-9
  17. King T, Shields M, Shakespeare T, Milner A & Kavanagh A. An intersectional approach to understandings of mental health inequalities among men with disability. SSM – Population Health 2019: Dec (9): 100464. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2019.100464


Monitoring inequalities

  1. Fortune N, Singh A, Badland H, Stancliffe RJ & Llewellyn G. Area-level associations between built environment characteristics and disability prevalence in Australia: An ecological analysis. Int J Environ Research and Public Health 2020 17(21), 7844. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17217844 
  2. Clifton S, Fortune N, Llewellyn G, Stancliffe R & Williamson P. Lived Expertise and the Development of a Framework for Tracking the Social Determinants, Health, and Wellbeing of Australians with Disability. Scandinavian J Disability Research 2020: 22(1), 137–146. https://doi.org/10.16993/sjdr.688
  3. Fortune N, Badland H, Clifton S, Emerson E, Rachele J, Stancliffe RJ, Zhou Q & Llewellyn G. The Disability and Wellbeing Monitoring Framework: data, data gaps, and policy implications. Aust N Z J Public Health 2020 Apr 20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2016.05.011
  4. Emerson E, Fortune N, Aitken Z, Hatton C, Stancliffe R & Llewellyn G. The wellbeing of working-age adults with and without disability in the UK: Associations with age, gender, ethnicity, partnership status, educational attainment and employment status. Disabil Health J 2020: Feb. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dhjo.2020.100889
  5. Brotherton M, Stancliffe RJ, Wilson NJ & O’Loughlin K. Australians with intellectual disability share their experiences of retirement from mainstream employment. J App Research in Intellectual Disabilities 2020;33, 905–916. https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12712   
  6. Curryer B, Stancliffe RJ, Wiese MY & Dew A. The experience of mothers supporting self-determination of adult sons and daughters with intellectual disability. J App Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020 33(3), 373-385. https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12680 
  7. McCausland D, Stancliffe RJ, McCallion P & McCarron M. Longitudinal use and factors associated with public transport and other travel options for older people with an intellectual disability in Ireland. J App Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2020 33(3), 442-456. https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12686  
  8. Disney G, Gurrin L, Aitken Z, Emerson E, Milner A, Kavanagh A & Petrie D. Hierarchical models for international comparisons: a case study of smoking, disability and social inequality in 21 European countries. Epidemiology. 2019: Dec. 10.1097/EDE.0000000000001154
  9. Aitken Z, Baker E, Badland H, Mason K, Bentley R, Beer A & Kavanagh A. Precariously placed: Housing affordability, quality and satisfaction of Australians with disabilities. Disability & Society 2018: 22 Dec: 121-142. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2018.1521333
  10. Kavanagh AM, Aitken Z, Baker E, LaMontagne AD, Milner A & Bentley R. Housing tenure and affordability and mental health following disability acquisition in adulthood. Soc Sci & Med 2016: Feb;151:225-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.01.010
  11. Kavanagh A, Devine A & Shields M. The health of people with disabilities. In Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health. Edited by Detels R, Quarraisha A, Baum F, Leyland A, Li L. Oxford: OUP (in press).
  12. Patton K, Ware R, McPherson L, Emerson E & Lennox N. Parent-Related Stress of Male and Female Carers of Adolescents with Intellectual Disabilities and Carers of Children within the General Population: A Cross-Sectional Comparison. J Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities 2018 Jan; 31(1), 51-61. https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12292
  13. Llewellyn G. Parents with disabilities. In Handbook of Parenting – Social and Cultural Conditions of Parenting. Edited by Bornstein, MH. 3rd edition, Vol 4. pp. 234-273. 2019: Routledge, New York.
  14. Stancliffe RJ, Arnold SRC & Riches VC (2016). The supports paradigm. In RL Schalock & KD Keith (Eds.), Cross-cultural quality of life: Enhancing the lives of persons with intellectual disability (2nd ed.) (pp. 133-142). Washington DC: American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.

Policy and Disability 

  1. Meltzer A, Dickinson H, Malbon E & Carey G. Why is lived experience important for market stewardship? A proposed framework for why and how lived experience should be included in stewarding disability markets. Evidence and Policy 2021; 21 April, https://doi.org/10.1332/174426421X16142714946996
  2. Emerson E, Aitken Z, Badland H, Fortune N, Green C, Rachele J (2021). Social and Environmental Determinants of the Health of People with Disabilities. In M Putnam & C Bigby (Eds) Handbook on Aging with Disability: Routledge.
  3. Badji S, Badland H, Rachele J & Petrie D. Public transport availability and healthcare use for Australian adults aged 18–60 years, with and without disabilities. Journal of Transport and Health. March 2021, 20:101001. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2020.101001
  4. Boaden N, Purcal C, Fisher KR & Meltzer A. Transition experience of families with young children in the NDIS. Australian Social Workhttps://doi.org/10.1080/0312407X.2020.1832549
  5. Meltzer A, Dowse L, Smith L & Dew A. A framework for interconnected benefits of peer support for family members of people with disability. Australian Journal of Social Issues 2020 4 September: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajs4.130
  6. Meltzer A. Public health crises and the need for accessible information. MJA 2020 21 October:  http://dx.doi.org/10.5694/mja2.50827 
  7. Green C, Dickinson H, Carey G & Joyce A. Barriers to policy action on social determinants of health for people with disability in Australia. Disability & Society. 2020;20 Sept https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2020.1815523
  8. Kavanagh A. Disability and public health research in Australia. Aust NZ J Public Health 2020;24 June. https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.13003
  9. Carey G, Malbon E, Weier M, Dickinson H & Duff G.  Making markets work for disability services: The question of price setting. Health & Social Care 2019 June. https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12780
  10. Carey G, Malbon E & Dickinson H. The vexed question of market stewardship in the public sector: examining equity and the social contract through the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme. Social Policy & Admin: Int J Policy & Research 2018 Jan; 52(1); 387-407. 10.1111/spol.12321
  11. Carey G, Malbon E, Reeders D, Kavanagh A & Llewellyn G. Redressing or entrenching social and health inequities through policy implementation? Examining personalised budgets through the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme. Int J Equity Health 2017; 16:192. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-017-0682-z
  12. Craven L, Dickinson H & Carey G (Eds). Boundary Crossing in Policy and Public Management: Tackling the Critical Challenges. 2018: Routledge, New York.
  13. Dickinson H. Individualised funding systems: What works? Evidence Base 2017 Oct: (3); 1-18. 10.21307/eb-2017-003
  14. Dickinson H & Carey G. Managing care integration during the implementation of large-scale reforms: The case of the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme. Journal of Integrated Care 2017; 25(1); 6-16. https://doi.org/10.1108/JICA-07-2016-0026
  15. Malbon E, Carey G & Dickinson H. Accountability in public service quasi-markets: The case of the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme. Aust Journal of Public Administration 2018 Sep; 77 (3); 468-481. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8500.12246
  16. Malbon E, Carey G & Meltzer A. Personalisation schemes in social care: are they growing social and health inequalities? BMC Public Health 2019 24 Nov,19:805.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-7168-4
  17. Malbon E, Alexander D, Carey G, Reeders D, Green C, Dickinson H & Kavanagh A. Adapting to a system: Network analysis of a personalisation scheme in early implementation. Health Soc Care Community 2019 Jan; 27(1):191-198. https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12639
  18. Mellifont D & Smith-Merry J, Dickinson H, Llewellyn G, Clifton S, Raffaele M & Williamson P.  The ableism elephant in the academy: a study examining academia as informed by Australian scholars with lived experience. Disability & Society 2019 Apr. 10.1080/09687599.2019.1602510
  19. Nevile A, Malbon E, Kay A & Carey G. The implementation of complex social policy: Institutional layering and unintended consequences in the National Disability Insurance Scheme. Aust J Public Admin 2019 April 29  https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8500.12380
  20. Williams I & Dickinson H. Going it alone or playing to the crowd? A Critique of Individual Budgets and the Personalisation of Health Care in the English National Health Service, Aust J Public Administration, 2016 Jun; 75 (2):149-158. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8500.12155
  21. Hahn JE, Gray J, McCallion P, Ronneberg C, Stancliffe RJ, Heller T, Guiden CH, Fox S & Janicki MP (2016). Transitions in aging: Health, retirement, and later life: Review of research, practice and policy. In Critical issues in intellectual and developmental disabilities: Contemporary research, practice and policy (pp. 149-174). Washington, DC: American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.