Monitoring Inequalities for Australians with Disability – Baseline Data Report

This report presents national data on the inequalities experienced by Australians aged 18-64 years with disability


Reducing inequalities in the social determinants of health, like employment, transport, and housing, is essential for improving health outcomes and equity for people with disability.

Measuring inequality is essential for identifying the barriers faced by people with disability in exercising their human rights. Evidence of disability-related inequalities can inform action to remove barriers and reduce inequalities.

This report presents the first national data using the Disability and Wellbeing Monitoring Framework and Indicators, which was developed by the Centre of Research Excellence in Disability and Health in consultation with people with disability and disability advocates.

Baseline indicator data are presented for people aged 18 to 64 years with disability in Australia, making comparisons with people without disability where possible. Indicators are reported for 19 domains grouped under three broad headings: Health, Social determinants of health, and Service system.

Data in this report, and in future reports that monitor change over time, will help identify policy priorities, inform policy development, evaluate the effectiveness of policies and programs, and hold key actors to account.

The report also highlights knowledge gaps and limitations in national data. Ongoing data development work is needed to build a stronger evidence base to support closing the disability inequality gap.

Taking action on social determinants of health, like education, housing and employment, is crucial for improving outcomes for people with disability. We need reliable data in order to see where people with disability are experiencing inequalities on these social determinants, and to measure whether policies and programs are  effective.

Art on front cover: Alvaro Alvarez, Untitled, 2017, gouache and greylead pencil on paper, 28 x 38 cm. Courtesy of the artist and Arts Project Australia.


  • Disability and Wellbeing Monitoring Framework: Baseline Indicator Data for Australians aged 18-64 years (Web Report – corrected version 23 June 2022)
  • Disability and Wellbeing Monitoring Framework and Indicators: Technical Report (Web Report)


  • Some urgent advice for the new Government on reducing inequalities for Australians with disability (Croakey Health Media)